See your Doctor

Early detection of Skin Cancers is imperative. It is highly recommended that you complete a full self-examination on a regular basis.

Sunsmart Victoria has a great step-by-step guide for completing a self-examination.

All adults should:

  • Be familiar with their skin
  • Check all areas of their skin regularly (including those not exposed to the sun)
  • Look for changes in shape, colour or size of any new spots.
  • See a doctor immediately if you have any concerns.


You can use the ABCDE rule to help you determine an abnormal mole. If you notice any of these signs you should have the mole checked by a doctor.

A is for Asymmetry: One half of a mole or birthmark is different to the other.
B is for Border: The edges are irregular, ragged, notched, or blurred.
C is for Color: The color is uneven and may include shades of brown or black, pink, red, white, or blue.
D is for Diameter: The spot is larger than about 6mm.
E is for Evolving: The mole is changing in size, shape, or color.

You should also see a doctor if you are unsure. Melanomas can be deadly but if they are caught early enough can be successfully treated. Make an appointment today.

Assessment of skin cancer risk

High risk (3 monthly self examination and 12 monthly skin check with Doctor)

  • Red hair
  • Type 1 skin and age more than 45 years
  • Type 2 skin and age more than 65 years
  • Family history of melanoma in a first degree relative in patients aged more than 15 years
  • More than 100 naevi (more than 10 atypical naevi)
  • Past history of melanoma
  • Past history of nonmelanoma skin cancer or more than 20 solar keratosis


Medium Risk (3 – 6 monthly self check and 2 – 5 yearly skin check With doctor

  • Blue eyes
  • Type 1 skin and age 25-45 years
  • Type 2 skin and age 45-65 years
  • Type 3 skin and age more than 65 years
  • Family history of solar keratosis
  • Past history of solar keratosis
  • Multiple previous episodes of sunburn


Low risk (annual self check and one –off skin check with doctor for Assessment of risk and advice regarding skin care)

  • Type 1 skin and age less than 25 years
  • Type 2 skin and age less than 45 years
  • Type 3 skin and age less than 65 years
  • Type 4 and 5 skin